In 2002, the EAC Heads of State Summit decided that the EAC should negotiate regional and multilateral issues as a whole. The draft framework for joint participation and implementation of regional and multilateral environmental agreements (MEAs) has been finalized. The objective of this framework is to guide EAC partner states in the implementation of various multilateral environmental agreements to which partner states are parties. The table shows the years of formalization of participation in selected international conventions and environment only for the 192 Member States of the United Nations. Participation in this table means that the country or territory has become a party to the agreement under the treaty or convention, which, depending on the circumstances of the country, is achieved by a large number of means: accession, acceptance, approval, formal confirmation, ratification and succession. Countries or territories that have signed the agreements under a given agreement or treaty, but are not parties, are therefore declared non-participants. Years refer to the date on which participation was formalized. No value, `…`, indicates non-participation according to source at the time of the last update. Below are the full titles and websites of the secretariat of each of the environmental agreements selected in the table: the main instruments available to countries under international law to collaborate on a wide range of global environmental challenges are international conventions and treaties on the environment and natural resources, also known as Multilateral Environmental Agreements (MEAs). MEAS are state-to-state agreements that can take the form of a “soft law”, which establish non-binding principles that parties must take into consideration when taking action to address a particular environmental problem, or “hard-law”, which set legally binding measures to achieve an environmental objective. Among the global environmental problems that MEAS are intended to address are: biodiversity loss, negative effects of climate change, ozone depletion, hazardous waste, organic pollutants, marine pollution, trade in endangered species, destruction of wetlands, etc. These new and innovative maps are an important decision-making tool for countries. .