Subsequently, a feasibility study is required to analyze economic, operational and administrative costs. If the service that is to be organized as a BMI already exists, it must be specified. All the facts are taken into account in the negotiation of the contract, whether it is a contract, an administrative entity or a private company. At this stage, stakeholders should be aware of the nature of BMI funding. Legal advice may be desirable, as BMI can become very difficult legally in some countries. Inter-communal cooperation has been an effective instrument to ensure public services at a reasonable cost, particularly in sparsely populated Finland. Finnish local authorities are self-governing and have many responsibilities. As a result, there are many services in the municipalities. Even competition between municipalities in terms of services is a common practice in Finland.
 There are 39,000 local governments in the United States and 22,000 have less than 2,500 inhabitants.  In addition to providing public services, U.S. municipalities use privatization (public procurement) and cooperation with neighbouring municipalities for a long period of time. Cooperation aims to maintain independent identities and achieve economies of scale. Most of the cooperations are individual projects (education, water, housing, transport). A 2001 framework decree reformed inter-communal cooperation by the Flemish government. Many forms of inter-communal cooperation have been implemented in law. In addition, some elements of the monitoring have been implemented to ensure the control of municipal councils. The framework emphasizes the “purity” of BMI, so that municipalities are mainly involved.  Intercommunal cooperation (ICC) is a generic term for all common public services between municipalities that are normally, but not necessarily neighbouring. Saskatchewan, since the introduction of a country authorization process (TLE) in the province, has seen an increase in the number of urban Indian reserves.
 Since these lands are acquired within communal boundaries, full service agreements are generally accepted, so that there is no interruption in the quantity or quality of service. Service contracts for urban Indian reserves are considered mutually beneficial, as the First Nation is able to use low-cost services due to economies of scale and municipalities are not affected by the loss of municipal land. The City of Saskatoon is an example of a municipality involved in several global First Nation agreements – municipal services for urban Indian reserves.   A First Nation municipal service contract is an agreement (formal or informal) between a first nation and a municipality in which one level of government acquires municipal services from the other. First Nation – Municipal service agreements may also cover services that are jointly funded and operated.  Coordinated behaviour is the lowest level of inter-communal cooperation. Entry and departure are voluntary and non-binding.  Typical examples of coordinated behaviour are combined tourism development strategies. Hard services are generally linked to intensive infrastructure and tend to be more expensive due to increased operating and maintenance costs. These include the supply of drinking water, the collection and treatment of wastewater, the collection and landfilling of settlements, as well as the use of landfills and fire protection services.  The main obstacle to inter-communal cooperation is the lack of trust or coordination between partners, and if they cannot be overcome, BMI failure rates can be high.
 Unfortunately, coordination is difficult to achieve. Inter-communal cooperation, particularly in an institutional form, in which municipalities unite to organize a service delivery organization, refers to a multi-major problem that hinders the management and monitoring of the organization and reduces the effectiveness and responsibility of that party.  Politicians e