2.6 With a view to achieving the widest possible harmonization of technical rules, Members shall participate fully, to the extent possible, in the development by appropriate international standardization bodies of international standards for products for which they have adopted or are awaiting the adoption of technical rules. The free trade agreements concluded by the United States also contain a chapter containing provisions on technical barriers to trade that must be respected in order to benefit from preferential treatment under the agreement. These chapters may be consulted in accordance with free trade agreements. Whether a measure is a technical regulation, unlike a standard, depends on whether it is “mandatory”. The terms of ISO/IEC 2 include products, processes and services. This Agreement concerns only technical requirements, standards and conformity assessment procedures relating to products or production processes and methods. ISO/IEC Guide 2 standards can be mandatory or optional. For the purposes of this Agreement, standards shall be defined as voluntary rules and technical as binding documents. The standards developed by the international standardization community are based on consensus. This agreement also applies to documents that are not consensual.
2.12 Except in the urgent cases referred to in paragraph 10, Members may take a reasonable distance between the publication of the technical regulations and their entry into force, in order to allow producers in exporting Member States, and in particular developing countries, time to adapt their products or production methods to the needs of the importing Member. • inform members of mutual recognition events and agreements under the OBT agreement. 1.6 All references in this Agreement to technical regulations, standards and conformity assessment procedures shall be interpreted in such a way as to include all amendments to those rules and all additions to the rules or their product coverage, with the exception of modifications and additions of any kind. Article 2(2) requires Members not to create unnecessary obstacles to international trade and, on that basis, to ensure that `technical restrictions are not more restrictive than is necessary to achieve a legitimate objective`. The article contains a comprehensive list of legitimate objectives, including requirements for national security and the protection of animal or plant life or health. however, to ensure that technical rules and standards, including packaging, labelling and labelling requirements, as well as conformity assessment procedures for technical rules and standards, do not create unnecessary obstacles to international trade; 5.1.2 Conformity assessment procedures shall not be prepared, accepted or applied with a view to or with the effect of creating unnecessary barriers to international trade. This implies, inter alia, that conformity assessment procedures should not be more stringent or applied more strictly than necessary to give the importing Member sufficient confidence in the conformity of the products with the technical rules or standards in force, taking into account the risks that would result from non-compliance. . .