There are actually many types of options as they can be classified in different ways. However, in a very broad sense, they can be classified according to whether they give the holder the right to buy or sell the underlying asset. In this sense, there are essentially two main types; Put options, which give the holder the right to buy the underlying asset at the exercise price, and put options, which give the holder the right to sell the underlying asset at the exercise price. In finance, an option is a contract that gives its owner, the holder, the right, but not the obligation, to buy or sell an underlying asset or an underlying asset or instrument at a certain exercise price before or on a given date, depending on the form of the option. Options are usually acquired by purchase, in the form of compensation or as part of a complex financial transaction. Thus, they are also a form of asset and have a valuation that can depend on a complex relationship between the underlying asset, expiration time, market volatility and other factors. Options can be traded between private parties in the case of over-the-counter (OTC) transactions, or they can be traded on orderly live markets in the form of standardized contracts. If the share price is lower than the exercise price at expiration, the option holder at that time will let the call agreement expire and only lose the premium (or the price paid at the time of the transfer). Since the values of option contracts depend on a number of different variables in addition to the value of the underlying asset, they are complex to value. There are many pricing models, although all concepts of rational pricing (i.e. Risk neutrality), which include monetary value, time value of options and put-call parity. It should be noted that you do not need to own any of the underlying assets to buy a put option, but if you decide to exercise your option to put the underlying asset, you should theoretically buy the underlying asset at that time.
An option contract is a type of contract that protects a bidder from a supplier`s ability to withdraw its bid to participate in a contract. A consideration for the option contract is always required, as it is always a form of contract, cf. Reprocessing (second) of contracts § 87(1). A special situation called pin risk can occur if the underlying closes at the exercise value of the option or very close to the exercise value of the option on the last day the option is traded before it expires. .