“This is the best thing the O`Neill-Dion government can do for the people of Panguna and Bougainville. We want to know your thoughts on this. As Prime Minister, you can give us some hope and relief, as your former party leader, Bill Skate, then Prime Minister, did for the people of Bougainville by passing on the peace agreement. The divisions in the conflict were largely drawn along clan lines. In addition to the blockade, there were 70 to 80 minor tribal conflicts that the OIG had to face.  Because the BIG/BRA was dominated by the Nasioi clan, other islanders were wary of their goals, especially in northern Bougainville.  A local militia was formed on Buka Island, north of Bougainville, which managed to drive out the BRA in September with the help of Papuan troops.  At the end of 1990, PNGDF national troops controlled Buka, while the BRA controlled the rest of Bougainville.  Early attempts to resolve the conflict led to the signing of agreements in 1990 and 1991; however, neither party complied with its terms.   Meanwhile, the leadership of the ONa and Kauona BRA broke down with some political leaders like Kabui.  Several other pro-government village militias, known together as resistance and armed by the PNGDF, forced the ARAs out of their territories.  In 1991/92, PNGDF gradually returned to Bougainville and took control of the north and southwest of the main island.  The self-censorship of the people who formulated this Charter should not lead us to exaggerate the extent of their deviation from the principles that had marked the negotiations on the original Bougainville copper agreement by the Australian colonial administration.
Take, for example, the issue of state justice in mining companies. In the 1975 financial situation, it is said that the government welcomes “minority interest offers in major projects.” It was the CRA that had initially made such an offer to the colonial administration, as it would have the highly desirable effect of giving the state a selfish interest in the profitability of the mine without giving effective control over its management (Denoon 2000, 92).